GHB Drug Test (Gamma-Hydroxybutyric Acid Drug Test)
What is Gamma-Hydroxybutyric acid or GHB?
A GHB drug test might be important when date rape is suspected. GHB is associated with date rape due to its severe hypnotic and sedative effects at higher dosages. A powder is added discreetly to a beverage, and an individual is now drugged without knowing it. This is a psychoactive drug, a depressant that acts on the central nervous system.
GHB can be used in a medical setting as a general anesthetic. GHB is the active ingredient in the prescription medication sodium oxybate (Xyrem) and used for the treatment of cataplexy associated with narcolepsy and excessive daytime sleepiness. Also, GHB affects several nerve pathways in the brain. GHB products such as Xyrem are classified as a Schedule III controlled substance.
Street names for Gamma-Hydroxybutyric acid or GHB include Grievous Bodily Harm, Liquid Ecstasy, Liquid X, Scoop, Georgia Home Boy, GHB, Goop, and Easy Lay. It is sold as a pill, liquid or a white powder. As a liquid, it is clear and colorless and slightly salty in taste. GHB is popular among bodybuilders and party attendees. GHB sold on the street is typically in liquid form and sold by the capful at $5.00 to $25.00 per swig or capful. The drug GHB is widely available through illicit sales, home manufacture, and recipes that are easily obtainable on Internet Web sites.
For recreational users, GHB is taken for the high and euphoria. It is often combined with other drugs or alcohol. Taking GHB with alcohol can lead to a bad experience. Very popular in the 90s at nightclubs and all-night rave parties, GHB users were often seen passed out both inside and outside of clubs. It is very easy for these users to experience an overdose requiring a hospital visit if the users aren't extremely careful about dosage and mixing with other substances.
GHB can cause amnesia with no memory of events while under the influence of the substance. Other effects include loss of motor control, slurred speech, and loss of consciousness and/or inhibitions. The drug takes effect in 15 to 30 minutes and can last 3 to 6 hours. Low doses will cause nausea and high doses will cause unconsciousness, seizures, slowed heart rate, slowed breathing, lower body temperature, vomiting, nausea, coma, and death.
Regular use can lead to addiction and often withdrawal symptoms occur when one stops using the drug. The GHB withdrawal symptoms include insomnia, anxiety, tremors, increased heart rate and blood pressure, and occasional psychotic thoughts. Additional side effects may become present including respiratory depression, liver damage, kidney failure, topical irritation to the skin and eyes, nausea, vomiting, incontinence, loss of consciousness, seizures, and death.